• 5824 Hubbard Drive, N. Bethesda, MD 20852
  • 301-962-1700
  • mendoza@mendozaco.com

    Offer In Compromise

    Offer In Compromise

    Per the IRS,

    An offer in compromise (OIC) is an agreement between a taxpayer and the Internal Revenue Service that settles a taxpayer's tax liabilities for less than the full amount owed. Taxpayers who can fully pay the liabilities through an installment agreement or other means, generally won't qualify for an OIC in most cases. For information concerning tax payment options including installment agreements, refer to Topic No. 202. To qualify for an OIC, the taxpayer must have filed all tax returns, made all required estimated tax payments for the current year, and made all required federal tax deposits for the current quarter if the taxpayer is a business owner with employees.

    In most cases, the IRS won't accept an OIC unless the amount offered by a taxpayer is equal to or greater than the reasonable collection potential (RCP). The RCP is how the IRS measures the taxpayer's ability to pay. The RCP includes the value that can be realized from the taxpayer's assets, such as real property, automobiles, bank accounts, and other property. In addition to property, the RCP also includes anticipated future income less certain amounts allowed for basic living expenses.

    Reasons for the Offer

    • First, the IRS can accept a compromise if there's doubt as to liability. A compromise meets this only when there's a genuine dispute as to the existence or amount of the correct tax debt under the law.
    • Second, the IRS can accept a compromise if there's doubt that the amount owed is fully collectible. Doubt as to collectibility exists in any case where the taxpayer's assets and income are less than the full amount of the tax liability.
    • Third, the IRS can accept a compromise based on effective tax administration. An offer may be accepted based on effective tax administration when there's no doubt that the tax is legally owed and that the full amount owed can be collected, but requiring payment in full would either create an economic hardship or would be unfair and inequitable because of exceptional circumstances.

    Payment Options

    Lump Sum Cash Offer - Taxpayers may choose to pay the offer amount in a lump sum or in installment payments. A "lump sum cash offer" is defined as an offer payable in 5 or fewer installments within 5 or fewer months after the offer is accepted. If a taxpayer submits a lump sum cash offer, the taxpayer must include with the Form 656 a nonrefundable payment equal to 20 percent of the offer amount. This payment is required in addition to the application fee. The 20 percent payment is generally nonrefundable, meaning it won't be returned to the taxpayer even if the offer is rejected or returned to the taxpayer without acceptance. Instead, the 20 percent payment will be applied to the taxpayer's tax liability. The taxpayer has a right to specify the particular tax liability to which the IRS will apply for the 20 percent payment.

    Periodic Payment Offer - An offer is called a "periodic payment offer" under the tax law if it's payable in 6 or more monthly installments and within 24 months after the offer is accepted. When submitting a periodic payment offer, the taxpayer must include the first proposed installment payment along with the Form 656. This payment is required in addition to the application fee. This amount is generally nonrefundable, just like the 20 percent payment required for a lump sum cash offer. Also, while the IRS is evaluating a periodic payment offer, the taxpayer must continue to make the installment payments provided for under the terms of the offer. These amounts are also nonrefundable. These amounts are applied to the tax liabilities and the taxpayer has a right to specify the particular tax liabilities to which the periodic payments will be applied.

    Upon acceptance of an OIC, the taxpayer may no longer designate offer payments to any tax liability specifically covered in the offer agreement.

    Suspension of Collection

    Ordinarily, the statutory time within which the IRS may engage in collection activities is suspended during the period that the OIC is under consideration, and is further suspended if the OIC is rejected by the IRS and where the taxpayer appeals the rejection to the IRS Office of Appeals within 30 days from the date of the notice of rejection.

    Offer Terms

    If the IRS accepts the taxpayer's offer, the IRS expects that the taxpayer will have no further delinquencies and will fully comply with the tax laws. If the taxpayer doesn't abide by all the terms and conditions of the OIC, the IRS may determine that the OIC is in default. For doubt as to collectibility and effective tax administration OICs, the terms and conditions include a requirement that the taxpayer timely file all tax returns and timely pay all taxes for 5 years from the date of acceptance of the OIC. When an OIC is declared to be in default, the agreement is no longer in effect and the IRS may then collect the amounts originally owed (less payments made), plus interest and penalties. Additionally, any refunds due within the calendar year in which the offer is accepted will be applied to the tax debt.

    Right to Appeal

    If the IRS rejects an OIC, the taxpayer will be notified by mail. The letter will explain the reason that the IRS rejected the offer and will provide detailed instructions on how the taxpayer may appeal the decision to the IRS Office of Appeals. The appeal must be made within 30 days from the date of the letter.

    Return of an Offer

    In some cases, an OIC is returned to the taxpayer rather than rejected, because the taxpayer didn't submit necessary information, filed for bankruptcy, failed to include a required application fee or nonrefundable payment with the offer, hasn't filed required tax returns*, or hasn't paid current tax liabilities at the time the IRS is considering the offer. A returned offer is different from a rejection because there's no right to appeal when the IRS returns the offer. However, once current, the offer may be submitted again.

    *Note: OIC applications received on or after March 27, 2017, are now returned without consideration if taxpayers haven't filed all required tax returns. The application fee is returned and any required initial payment submitted with the OIC is applied to outstanding tax debt. This policy doesn't apply to current year tax returns if there is a valid extension on file.

    About Us

    Mendoza, Silva & Company, Inc. is a full-service accounting and IRS problem-solving firm. As a client, you gain a sound team with expertise in multiple fields, providing you the right advice to strengthens your organization and long-term goals.

    Mendoza, Silva & Company © All Rights Reserved 2018. Powered By mendozaco.com